Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken / Journal of World of Turks, Vol 5, No 2 (2013)

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The State of Azadistan (The State, Established in Iran in 1920)



Towards the end of World War I, an important anti-colonialist and liberationist political and social movement emerged in the Azerbaijan Region in Iran. They have coalesced under the leadership of the revolutionist and intellectual venerable Sheikh Mohammed Hiyabâni, who has been among the leaders of the Iranian Democratic Party’s Regional Organization during the Constitutional Revolution (1908-1911) and one of the members of the first parliament. Their goal and aims were to contribute to the independence of Iran, and especially to resist the attempts and practices for dividing Iran between the Prime Minister Vosouq al-Dowleh and the British government. This article analyzes the emergence, continuation and fall of the Azadistan (Land of Freedom) Movement.

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