Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken / Journal of World of Turks, Vol 4, No 3 (2012)

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The Application of Pate De Verre Technique with Chamotte Mud Moulds in Mother Goddess Forms

Nurettin GÜLAÇTI


It is known that obsidian glass has existed for 4,5 billion years since the Big Bang. Glass, in the form of inorganic melting product solidifying without crystallized, exists as mostly in the form of obsidian in the nature and it is one of the first tools (such as flint and pebble) that human beings used.
It was scientifically determined that glass was first used by Egyptians in the Nile delta around Alexandria. Glass jewelleries known as “Egyptian Beads” and used as jewellery were later turned into both daily goods and sculpture.
Human beings have been in the search of ways of manufacturing glass in historical process and have used and developed many techniques such as mosaic technique invented due to glass furnace in the Antique Age, glassblowing technique, gathering technique, internal mould technique, amalgamation technique and frit (Pate De Verre) technique. It is possible to add “The Chamotte Mud Mould Technique” to these techniques.
In this study, glass statues and other different forms sized 50, 60, 70 cm. and bigger, which are almost impossible to shape with the Pate De Verre technique applied in plaster mould, were more easily shaped with the shaping technique in chamotte mud mould. It was determined that it was easier to apply this method in desired sized when achieving glass works. This technique shows originality since it has first been used in glass statues.
One of the most important features of this study is that the waste glass and bottles that were collected from the environment like picnic sites were converted into ornamental or artistic statues and statuettes and forming new styles / formations by shaping them in in chamotte mud mould.

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